WE HOPED THAT IN 2016 THE SITUATION WILL PROGRESS A BIT MORE



Stated Miguel Cardozo, chairman of the Technology and Innovation Meeting in PERUMIN 33 Mining Convention

From its beginning, the Technology and Innovation Meeting has been the core of PERUMIN Mining Convention, due to its important innovative and technological contributions for the national mining sector.
In this exchange and opportunity of high-level knowledge, national and foreign experts present the latest scientific studies and technological progress applied to different mining areas of knowledge.
In this interview, Miguel Cardozo, chairman of said meeting, gives us some contributions about the preparatory process of this edition, that will be the framework to deliver the National Mining Award, highest honor granted by the sector.

What are the novelties of this new edition of the Technology and Innovation Meeting?

This meeting aims at generating a suitable balance between the papers participating to be included in the meeting - after being qualified by experts - and the invite key lecturers.
We have decided that together with oral presentations of papers at the conference rooms, an exclusive posters area will be allocated to give an opportunity to a larger number of professionals to perfect their research and to present their progress during the days of the event.

Would these presentations surpass those of the prior editions?

That is what we want. To the presenters of both modalities, we will advise them and provide them with coaching to improve the quality of their presentations, in content and format. With this, we attain different objectives: we provide them with a supplementary training, we elevate the technical level and we generate more interest in the attendants. We hope this will generate a domino effect that will lead us to a continues improvement of this event.

Who will offer this advice?

At first, the members of the Organization Committee, composed by high level and well-experienced professionals. We will create a team to receive the abstracts and to organize the program structure. Therefore, we will determine the number of papers, topics, among other criteria.
Likewise, we will internally get organized, with the help of volunteers, to implement the execution of coaching, counseling and grades. We would like to rely on the specialists closer to the presentations.

What is the objective of this edition of the Technology and Innovation Meeting?

Besides the focus on support, this meeting will not prefer traditional or common papers, that anyone can execute, but in avant-garde topics. Our objective is to show how the technology has evolved and all within in the novelties of the different specialties in geology, mining, metallurgy, social, resources appraisal and mining economy, among others.

What type of topics will be a priority or are expected to be part of this meeting?

We will present the traditional topics related to our sector, such ass geology, metallurgy, environment, among others. Personally, I am very interested in mining economy, so let’s hope there are more papers addressing this topic. Regarding the program, we are still developing it. But, the main drive is to have transversal and that have an impact on the mining work, innovation and mining productivity.

Peru aims to be part of the OECD by 2021. What are the organization recommendations regarding technology and innovation?

The OECD proposes countries should comply with all the avant-garde regulations and quality standards. Therefore, each specialty faces their own challenges. Some of these are: productivity, safety, health, social and environmental issues, as well as the use of green technologies that have a lower impact on the environment.
The Technology and Innovation Meeting is not closely related to legal topics but to the approach to standardized regulations, internationally. For example, within exploration we have other matters, such as skilled personnel, resources codes and ore reserves. In addition to drilling technologies, that, in general terms, are eco-friendly.

Would this be included within green technologies?

Indeed. Another important aspect is the environmental monitoring, together with social issues and with how to deal with communities nationwide. Regarding the latest, there are community development trends that we should consider while proposing agreements with them, there are several aspects to be taken into account.
From my point of view, our approach has remained historic and conservative regarding community relations. We are not observing how these relationships have evolved in the last 20 years. For example, the data from the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics (INEI) indicate an important change.
Recently, Richard Webb published an article on El Comercio newspaper about how the migration is happening mainly toward small or intermediate cities, where the population is growing by 3.5%, while the growth in the big cities is half of it.
Also, there is an evident increase of GDP in these small and intermediate cities since the immigrants bring their entrepreneurial contribution, their own economic development and they add value to these cities.
On the other hand, communities are depopulating and regulations are not being modified to respond to the current condition of the communities. An interesting phenomenon occurs, since people migrate but they maintain their ownership rights over the land and that gives them the right to belong to the community as if they were living there.
However, they do not realize that the interests of the migrants and of those staying in the community are different. They have other customs, higher education levels and other economic interests. And truly, these topics are not being studied properly as to provide the mining companies with guidelines.

It would be necessary to have this type of socioeconomic research in PERUMIN 33 Mining Convention.

We have not had this type of studies in the last editions of Perumin. This is something new that just appeared on the statistics reported by the INEI. It could be important to invite experts or institutions that have researched this. It is not mandatory that these researches come from specialists of the mining community, or members of the Peruvian Institute of Mining Engineers or to be related to mining companies, either.

What is the importance of the National Mining Award?

To grant this well-known honor is more a tradition for the Peruvian mining sector, we will do a thorough selection of the submitted papers. The idea is not only reward the one with more applause, but the one mentioning something of true impact to the development of the mining sector.

Finally, what does the mining sector expects from the Government in 2017?

We hoped that 2016 would bring more progress, to have clearer regulations, to have a more efficient and proactive government to solve social conflicts, but it has not been the case.
For example, in Las Bambas case, very demagogic proposals have been proposed, away from the reality and people with certain economic or political interests could manipulate the entire situation. The same is happening. When I listen to politicians talking about Las Bambas I feel disappointed, that we have not moved forward. So, we are hoping for 2017 the same we hoped for 2016.
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, during his campaign, proposed the Social Advance (Adelanto Social in Spanish), we all want to see it executed as soon as possible. Also, I have not seen the Congress of the Republic addressing the unblocking of mining projects to support our growth. For now, only negotiation has been on the table. We have had some positive progress, indeed, but the last 2 months a discussion - irrelevant to the country - has occurred. They have been trying to prove who is more powerful and stronger and that has not been a good sign. We hope for a change.


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Last modified on 16 Jan 2017